about us/instruments

Sub Rosa

Stringed tambourine — a wooden box with strings attached to it. The player hits the strings with a stick, this way both the rhythm and a cord can be achieved. (Our instrument is an altered zither.)

Rauschpfeife — a double reed, wind capped woodwind instrument with 7+1 fingerholes. It derived from the instrument zurna, and is the ancestor of th emodern oboe. It came to Europe from Asia.

Symphony — box-shaped hurdy-gurdy. An endless bow (a wheel) sounds the strings. The player turns the wheel with his right hand and plays the melody on the keys with the left one.

Koboz a lute-like instrument of Perisan origin. It has a short neck, no frets and a round body. The Romanians and the Csángó people of Moldavia are still using it.


Darbuka — a hand drum of Arabic origin. It can be made of clay, wood or metal. The player uses both hands. The membrane in the middle gives a much deeper sound than at the edges.

Naker — twin drums, fitted on a belt and played with drumsticks. It is the ancestor of the modern timpani. It came from the Arabic countries to Europe during the crusades.

Double sided drum — made from goat skin. The tightness of the membrane can be adjusted with strings. The player uses sticks (usually of two different thickness) to sound the drum.

Medieval bagpipe — a leather bag with a drone and a chanter with 7+1 fingerholes. The chanter is sounded by a double reed, while in the drone there is a single reed.

Whistles — whistles in the middle ages were various. They could be made from bone or wood and the number of fingerholes, the size of the instrument and the tuning showed a great variety.


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